India’s bid to be globally acclaimed in the leather industry is prospering through the rapid evolution and modernization of the leather sector.
India’s exports of leather products have already reached the billion mark annually. The leather sector has a substantial potential for employment generation with about four million employees currently engaged in leather production units across the country.
The world leather exports have been categorized into raw hides and skins(40%), leather good (49%) and fur skins (11%)
In India, the industry has seen a complete image makeover with the adoption of new technologies and procedures.
Here is what has changed
In the conventional process of tanning, a marginal percentage of the material is absorbed, while a significant chunk is drained away as an effluent causing harm to the environment at large. With the advancement of new technologies and processes, the technologists claimed that the sewage disposal would reduce substantially.
The modern production methods are less tedious than the traditional ones. The leather produced in factories promises several advantages over skins taken from animals.
Here are the advantages:
- Producing uniform shapes: Leather sheets earlier produced from raw animal hide were compelled by irregular shapes. The conventional processing method demanded time for further refinement in the production. On the other hand, the leather produced by modern means of production delivers sheets with convenient straight edges. This enabled the cutting of the leather sheets into a specific shape or utilized in making uniform rolls. The modern methods are both economical and prudent than the earlier ones that involved trimming out pattern pieces from blemished, irregularly shaped animal hides.
- Meeting high-quality standards: The factory produced leather is more consistent than the natural substance. As compared to the real skin, which is inevitably prone to blemishes and marks, this leather is relatively finished and devoid of the scars, marks and other defects. Also, it rules out the vulnerability for the type of leather, because of the different animal skins. The material can be scaled to size, by significantly eliminating waste. Unlike the traditional leather processes, there is no hair, flesh or fat to remove. The modern ways hence served the consistent demand of well-finished leather goods.
- Collagen in large quantities: Collagen is the principal source that provides strength and elasticity to the skin. A structural protein, that was procured from the animal’s body by a tedious and time-taking traditional procedure.In the modern production method, large quantities of collagen are processed and transported to the local factories and tanneries for conversion into hides. In terms of expense, the new material is competitive and economical.
- Building performance quality and variety: The modern means introduced opportunities to make stronger or stretchier leather. This further enabled them to develop different performance qualities that were earlier not possible with natural leather and conventional methods. One can also blend the colors or grow new textures.
- No animal slaughter required: Another big way in which this process is beneficial is that it does not need animal killing. The emission of toxic chemicals in the method of producing conventional leather is eliminated in this modern process.
- Modifying the properties of leather: With the leather produced by the modern method, different parts of the leather sheet can be altered, and the properties can be further modified. For instance, the material can now be stiff in one section while another part can be processed to be softer.
The facts mentioned above reduce waste and improve quality. This process also answers the question raised by people about animals killed to produce leather. It reaffirms that animals do not necessarily have to die to produce finished leather products.
Observingly, the leather produced in factories is also found to be better in quality and finished than the leather produced using the conventional system.
JIYA EXIM is a two decades old organization which has been continually innovating by making the best use of the latest technologies and methods of production. To ensure that the leather produced is of supreme quality and finish, eliminating the environmental damage.
With the global advancement and improvements in leather processing, we have recently introduced the INLINE METHOD of production at our modernized unit at the KOLKATA LEATHER COMPLEX, BANTALA